?First, we need to understand why foods are being processed?
To preserve food by preventing bacterial growth and allowing food to be stored for longer; To improve the taste of food and the appearance by adding salt, sugar and fat.
?What makes some processed foods less healthy?
?According to NHS: “Lead to eating more than the recommended amounts of sugar, salt and fat as they may not be aware of how much has been added to the food they are buying and eating. These foods can also be higher in calories due to the high amounts of added sugar or fat in them”.
?According to World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF): “Food additives are ingredients added to foods for various reasons – for example, to add colour, enhance flavours or to make them last longer. The additives – nitrites and nitrates, which are used as preservatives in processed meat, is strongly associated with an increased risk of bowel cancer”.
?According to The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2020-2025: “Dietary patterns characterized by higher intake of red and processed meats, sugar-sweetened foods and beverages, and refined grains are, in and of themselves, associated with detrimental health outcomes.” .
?How can I eat processed foods as part of a healthy diet?
?Top priority: Eat variety of whole and fresh foods everyday.
?When using packaged foods, reading *nutrition labels* can help you choose between processed products and keep a check on fat, salt and sugar content.
?There are guidelines to tell you if a food is high or low in fat, saturated fat, salt or sugar.
UK Food label: https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/eat-well/how-to-read-food-labels/
Hong Kong Food label: https://www.cfs.gov.hk/english/faq/faq_14.html
US Food label: https://www.fda.gov/food/food-labeling-nutrition/changes-nutrition-facts-label
「加工食物」 好與壞 ？
?首先要了解為什麼要加工食物 ? 因為通過添加鹽，糖和脂肪來改善食物的味道和外觀。